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A systematic review of the factors associated with delays in medical and psychological help-seeking among men

Yousaf, O, Grunfeld, E.A and Hunter, M.S (2015) 'A systematic review of the factors associated with delays in medical and psychological help-seeking among men.' Health Psychology Review, 9 (2). pp. 264-276. ISSN 1743-7199

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Abstract

Despite a growing literature on the factors associated with men's low rates of medical and psychological help-seeking, a systematic review of these is missing. Such an overview can help to inform health psychologists of the barriers to the performance of adaptive health behaviours, such as prompt help-seeking, and could inform theoretical advancements and the development of targeted interventions to facilitate prompt help-seeking among men. We systematically reviewed quantitative and qualitative empirical papers on factors associated with delays in men's medical and psychological help-seeking. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed, and we used the databases PsycINFO, Medline, Embase and PsycARTICLES (with keywords: men/male*/gender*, help*/seek* and health*/service*/utili*[sation]) for papers in English. 41 citations (amounting to 21,787 participants aged 15–80 + ) met the inclusion criteria. Approximately half of these used qualitative methodologies (i.e., semi-structured interviews and focus groups), while half used quantitative methodologies (i.e., questionnaires). We identify a number of recurring cognitive, emotional, health-service related and socio-demographic help-seeking factors/predictors from the 41 papers. Of these, the most prominent barriers to help-seeking were disinclination to express emotions/concerns about health, embarrassment, anxiety and fear, and poor communication with health-care professionals.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: help-seeking, men, barriers, systematic review, service utilisation, delay
Divisions: College of Liberal Arts
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2017 16:15
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2017 08:41
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