Winlow, H (2013) ''Strangers on their own land’: ideology, policy and rational landscapes in the United States, 1825-1934.' Cartographica, 48 (1). pp. 47-66. ISSN 0317-7173

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During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Native Americans were increasingly excluded from the American social body and from national space. This article explores that exclusion from three perspectives: through dominant national ideologies that represented tribal groups as “Other” and inferior to European Americans; through federal policies – including removal, reservation, and allotment – that increasingly confined “Indians” to specific parts of the national landscape; and through the cartographic delineation of the national territory, which produced a Cartesian gridded landscape alien to Native understandings of land. This latter focus includes a case study of Indian Territory, which was incorporated into the state of Oklahoma in 1907. These three strands are explored through a theoretical framework that combines ideas about governmentality and territory, discourses of otherness and exclusion, and the power of maps.

Item Type: Article

Paper of the same title delivered as part of the Oxford Seminars on Cartography series at the Oxford University Centre for the Environment on 8 May 2014

Keywords: allotment, cartography, dispossession, exclusion, governmentality, Indian reservations, Native Americans, Public Land Survey, removal, territory
Divisions: College of Liberal Arts
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2013 09:42
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2016 14:11
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