Leader’s communication style, LMX and organizational commitment: a study of employee perceptions in Peru

Brown, O, Paz-Aparicio, C and Revilla, A.J (2019) 'Leader’s communication style, LMX and organizational commitment: a study of employee perceptions in Peru.' Leadership & Organization Development Journal. ISSN 0143-7739

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-03-2018-0129

Abstract

This study analyses the impact of a leader’s communication style (LCS) on the quality of interpersonal exchanges between leaders and followers (LMX), and how this translates into the employee’s affective organizational commitment, in the context of Peru. An integrated model of six dimensions is used to measure LCS. Using multiple hierarchical regressions and the Preacher and Hayes mediation model, the study focuses on determining the direct and indirect effect of each of the dimensions on LMX and organizational commitment. The dimension Preciseness shows a significant direct association to affective organizational commitment. Four dimensions are significantly related with LMX: Expressiveness, Preciseness, and Questioningness with a positive sign, while Verbal Aggressiveness records an important negative one. The same four dimensions show an indirect effect on affective organizational commitment through LMX. Emotionality and Impression Manipulativeness do not record significant results. The research was carried out with a sample of 253 white-collar Peruvian professionals with high-level studies and managerial experience, which are not necessarily representative of the labour population. This research provides comprehensive evidence on how leaders’ communicative behaviour may contribute to desirable outcomes such as employee commitment in a Latin American cultural context, although the findings may apply to other cultures. This study contributes to clarify that each dimension of the leader's communication style impacts differently on subordinate perceptions; leaders should understand this model and be able to make the necessary adjustments to their communication in order to obtain the desired results of leadership. The leader's ability to communicate with a style characterised by expressiveness, precision, and questioning makes it easy to build high-quality LMX relationships for Peruvian employees. On the contrary, a communication style characterised by high levels of verbal aggressiveness may negatively affect subordinates, limiting the possibility of building high-quality LMX relationships. This in turn, affects affective organizational commitment of employees. This study is a contribution to clarify that each feature of the leader's communication style has a different impact on the perception of the subordinate, for which the leaders should be trained to understand this model and be able to make the necessary adjustments to obtain the desired results of leadership. The leader's ability to communicate with a style characterized by expressiveness, precision, and questioning makes it easy to build high-quality LMX relationships for Peruvian employees. On the contrary, a communication style characterized by high levels of verbal aggressiveness will negatively impact subordinates, limiting the possibility of building high-quality LMX relationships. The value lies in revisiting the construct "leader's communication style" to turn it into an instrument for the exercise of leadership. It is a contribution in favour of leaders becoming aware that their own communication style constitutes an instrument of effective leadership and a lever to optimise the commitment of their collaborators towards the organization.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: leader communication style, affective organisational commitment,leader-member exchange (LMX),organisational communication, Peru, national culture
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
Divisions: Bath Business School
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2019 15:42
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2019 12:52
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