Psychometric properties and correlates of precarious manhood beliefs in 62 nations

Bosson, J.K et al (2021) 'Psychometric properties and correlates of precarious manhood beliefs in 62 nations.' Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 52 (3). pp. 231-258. ISSN 0022-0221

Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022121997997

Abstract

'Precarious manhood beliefs' portray manhood, relative to womanhood, as a social status that is hard to earn, easy to lose, and proven via public action. Here, we present cross-cultural data on a brief measure of precarious manhood beliefs (the Precarious Manhood Beliefs scale [PMB]) that covaries meaningfully with other cross-culturally validated gender ideologies and with country-level indices of gender equality and human development. Using data from university samples in 62 countries across 13 world regions (N = 33,417), we demonstrate: (1) the psychometric isomorphism of the PMB (i.e., its comparability in meaning and statistical properties across the individual and country levels); (2) the PMB’s distinctness from, and associations with, ambivalent sexism and ambivalence toward men; and (3) associations of the PMB with nation-level gender equality and human development. Findings are discussed in terms of their statistical and theoretical implications for understanding widely-held beliefs about the precariousness of the male gender role.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: psychometric isomorphism, precarious manhood beliefs, ambivalent sexism, ambivalence toward men
Divisions: School of Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022121997997
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2022 18:22
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2022 18:22
URI / Page ID: http://researchspace.bathspa.ac.uk/id/eprint/14586
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