Memory for exemplars in category learning

Edmunds, C.E.R ORCID: 0000-0002-0524-8756, Wills, A.J and Milton, F.N (2016) 'Memory for exemplars in category learning.' Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 38. pp. 2243-2248. ISSN 1069-7977

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Some argue that category learning is mediated by two competing learning systems: one explicit, one implicit (Ashby et al., 1998). These systems are hypothesised to be responsible for learning rule-based and information-integration category structures respectively. However, little experimental work has directly investigated whether people are conscious of category knowledge supposedly learned by the implicit system. Here we report one experiment that directly compared explicit recognition memory for exemplars between these two category structures. Contrary to the predictions of the dual-systems approach, we found preliminary evidence of superior exemplar memory after information-integration category learning compared to rule-based learning. This result is consistent with the hypothesis that participants learn information-integration category structures by using complex rules.

Item Type: Article

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Keywords: category learning, memory, dual-systems, recognition
Divisions: School of Sciences
Identification Number: 9780991196739
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2022 13:07
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2023 05:30
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