Differences in office-based personal space perception between British and Korean populations

Richardson, M, Jicol, C, Taulo, G, Park, J, Kim, H.K, Proulx, M.J and de Sousa, A.A ORCID: 0000-0003-2379-3894 (2023) 'Differences in office-based personal space perception between British and Korean populations.' Frontiers in Psychology, 14. e1043088. ISSN 1664-1078

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1043088


We sought to understand how the perception of personal space is influenced by different levels of social density, spatial density, and type of window-view in South Korean and United Kingdom workplaces. We employed virtual reality to simulate shared and single occupancy offices. We obtained personal space estimations using a virtual disc around the participant which could be extended and retracted, inside the simulation, to indicate perceived amount of personal space, and compared this measure to questionnaire-based estimations. We found that in both cultures participants experienced greater perceived personal space 1) when in a sparse rather than dense office and 2) having a view of the city outside the office. However, British, but not Korean, participants had significantly higher personal space estimations in single occupancy offices than in shared offices. These results suggest subtle cross-cultural differences in workplace experience, that could only be investigated using virtual reality.

Item Type: Article
UN SDGs: Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
Keywords: virtual reality, culture, personal space, spatial cognition, workplace density
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions: School of Sciences
Research Centres and Groups: Centre for Environmental Humanities
Psychology Research Centre for Health and Cognition
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1043088
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Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2023 17:27
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2023 17:18
URI / Page ID: https://researchspace.bathspa.ac.uk/id/eprint/15279
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