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Meritocracy and the Gaokao: a survey study of higher education selection and socio-economic participation in East China

Liu, Y (2013) 'Meritocracy and the Gaokao: a survey study of higher education selection and socio-economic participation in East China.' British Journal of Sociology of Education, 34 (5-06). pp. 868-887. ISSN 0142-5692

Abstract

Meritocracy is a powerful ideology that was used by the Chinese Communist Party during China’s transition to a market economy. With the Gaokao in particular, higher education selection became an ideal vehicle for the Party to associate itself with the ideology of meritocracy. This article investigates the extent to which higher education selection was based on meritocratic principles in contemporary China. A survey study involving around 960 first-year students was conducted in 2007 in two provinces. The statistical analysis did not suggest a strong socio-economic selection. However, a cultural selectivity was indicated in predicting students’ Gaokao performance as well as their chances of getting into elite universities. Socio-demographic factors appeared to be more significant than socio-economic status in affecting students’ higher education opportunities.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

Part of a special issue on 'Education and social mobility'.

Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Institute for Education
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2013 08:12
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2016 14:55
URI: http://researchspace.bathspa.ac.uk/id/eprint/1624
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