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"Whether and how?" History education about recent and ongoing conflict: a review of research

Paulson, J (2015) '"Whether and how?" History education about recent and ongoing conflict: a review of research.' Journal on Education in Emergencies, 1 (1). pp. 14-47.

Abstract

This article reviews research on history education about recent or ongoing conflict since 1990. History education is recognized as a key site for constructing identity, transmitting collective memory, and shaping “imagined communities,” which makes its revision or reform a complex and important part of Education in Emergencies work. The article reviews 42 empirical studies from 11 countries, exploring whether recent conflict forms part of national curricula, and, where it does, how this teaching is approached. Young people learn about recent conflict in all of the cases reviewed; in the majority curriculum is one source for this learning, but in some cases the history of recent conflict is taught without curricular guidance or not at all. Where recent conflict is taught, the review finds a reliance on a traditional, collective memory approach to disseminating national narratives, though often within social studies rather than history classrooms. In many cases, these narratives are top-down and ethno-nationalist and rely on devices like mythical past unity and the exceptionalism of conflict. The review concludes by suggesting that actors undertaking history curriculum revision or reform attend to recent conflict as an “active past.” It also highlights some promising suggestions for approaching such pasts in history curricula.

Item Type: Article
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Keywords: history; education; conflict; curriculum
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LT Textbooks
Divisions: Institute for Education
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Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2015 14:44
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 14:11
URI: http://researchspace.bathspa.ac.uk/id/eprint/6800
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