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Canals, commerce and the construction of nation in Sydney Owenson’s O’Donnel

Lloyd, N (2017) 'Canals, commerce and the construction of nation in Sydney Owenson’s O’Donnel.' Romantic Textualities: Literature and Print Culture, 1780–1840, 22. pp. 52-65. ISSN 1748-0116

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Abstract

The interplay between commerce and sensibility has been well documented: commercial activity is celebrated in eighteenth-century sentimental rhetoric for its ability to incite civility, reform manners and promote virtue. In the same way, the transformative effects of commerce informed discourses of sympathy and national identity throughout the latter half of the eighteenth century and into the Romantic period. This article considers Sydney Owenson’s focus on commercial improvement in post-union Ireland in her 1814 novel O’Donnel: A National Tale. As Owenson developed her formal experimentations with the national tale, she made a series of revisions to the 1812 edition of St Clair (originally published in 1803) in which she echoes contemporary political discussions about Ireland’s potential for trade through the navigation of its waterways, suggesting an emerging interest in Irish commercial progress that would go on to influence her subsequent novels. O’Donnel appraises the value of English schemes for Irish improvement in the form of canals, aqueducts and road building within the context of Enlightenment models of historical progress and sympathy. In doing so, Owenson provides an extended critique of ascendancy schemes of improvement and of the role of geography in the formation of Irish national identity, revealing a profound anxiety about both the ideological ‘mapping’ of the Irish landscape in the post-union period and the formation of international communities based on sympathetic identification.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: canals, cosmopolitanism, fiction, Four Nations, Ireland, Lady Morgan, national identity, nationalism, novels, O'Donnel, Sydney Owenson, transport, water
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PR English literature
Divisions: College of Liberal Arts
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Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2016 16:00
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2017 11:18
URI: http://researchspace.bathspa.ac.uk/id/eprint/7642
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