Davies, B.B (2006) 'Carrots, sticks, sermons or hugs? Designing co-ordinated policy measures for the uptake of environmental management options.' In: Gairns, L, Crighton, K and Jeffrey, B, eds. Managing rural diffuse pollution : agriculture and environment VI : proceedings of the SAC and SEPA biennial Conference, Edinburgh, UK, April 2006. SAC Environmental, Edinburgh, pp. 165-172. ISBN 1901322637

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Environmental policy instruments that encourage the uptake of environmental management measures have traditionally been focused at the level of the individual farm, and have aimed to re-direct the principal farm decisionmaker towards adoption of alternative management options using a combination of voluntary and mandatory measures. These have combined incentives, regulations and advice delivered through a variety of channels – or in Kenneth Boulding’s terminology: carrots, sticks and hugs. There is now widespread recognition that emphasis on policy designed for the single farm is not a sufficient condition for achieving desired environmental quality targets, in particular where scale and spatial coordination are significant factors in effective uptake. Drawing on research on environmental collective action in Scotland, we draw out some issues with a more collective approach to policy design, and identify some key research challenges that need to be met to make these approaches more viable in the future.

Item Type: Book Chapter or Section
Divisions: College of Liberal Arts
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2016 16:07
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2017 08:39
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