Feedback

Context, agency and professional workplace learning: trainee accountants in large and small practices

Bishop, D (2017) 'Context, agency and professional workplace learning: trainee accountants in large and small practices.' Education and Training. ISSN 0040-0912 (Forthcoming)

[img] Text
Diverse Sites of Professional Learning - Accepted proof.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

| Request more information

Abstract

• Purpose - To investigate the ways in which organisational context and individual agency interact (‘co-participate’) to shape the workplace learning of graduate trainee accountants, and to examine the role of firm size in conditioning this interaction. • Design/methodology/approach - A qualitative, comparative approach was used, involving interviews with 20 respondents across two large and three small accountancy firms in England. • Findings - Differences in individual learner biographies and trajectories generate divergent dispositions with regard to workplace learning. In turn, these dispositions influence the extent to which the generally less formal learning environment of the small firm is interpreted either positively or negatively. • Research limitations/implications - Further research is needed on processes of agency / context interaction across a wider range of organisational and professional environments. • Practical implications - Individual dispositions play an important role in determining the optimal approach towards professional development in practice. • Originality/value - The article offers a novel insight into how variations in both context and agency – and the relationship between them – can generate significant divergences in the professional learning process.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Professional Learning; Workplace Learning; Small Firms; Accountancy; Trainees; Agency; Co-participation
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Divisions: Institute for Education
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2017 22:12
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 22:13
References: Anderson-Gough, F., Grey, C. and Robson, K. (1998), Making up Accountants: the organizational and professional socialization of trainee chartered accountants, Ashgate, Aldershot. Anderson-Gough, F., Grey, C. and Robson, K. (2000), “In the Name of the Client: The service ethic in two professional service firms”, Human Relations, Vol. 53 No. 9, pp. 1151-1174. Anderson-Gough F., Grey, C. and Robson, K. (2001), “Tests of Time: organizational time-reckoning and the making of accountants in two multi-national accounting firms”, Accounting, Organizations and Society, Vol. 26, pp. 99-122. APA (Association of Practising Accountants) (2014), Becoming a Chartered Accountant: Training With a Medium-Sized Firm, APA, St. Albans. Billett, S. (2001), “Co-participation: Affordance and Engagement at Work”, New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, Vol. 92, pp. 63-72. Billett, S. (2007), “Exercising Self Through Working Life: Learning, work and identity”, Brown, A., Kirpal, S. and Rauner, F. (Eds.) Identities at Work, Springer, Dodrecht, pp. 183-210. Billett, S. (2010), “Lifelong Learning and Self: work, subjectivity and learning”, Studies in Continuing Education, Vol. 32 No. 1, pp. 1-16. Bishop, D. (2008), “The small enterprise in the training market”, Education + Training, Vol. 50 Nos. 8/9, pp. 661–73. Bishop, D. (2012), “Firm Size and Skill Formation Processes: an emerging debate”, Journal of Education and Work, Vol. 25 No. 5, pp. 507-521. Brown, B. A., Harte, J. and Warnes, A-M. (2007), “Developing the health care workforce: A comparison of two work‐based learning models”, Education + Training, Vol. 49 No. 3, pp. 193-200. Chivers, G. (2006), “Informal Learning by Professionals in the UK”, Paper presented at Professional Learning: Beyond Reflective Practice conference, Leeds, July 3. Coetzer, A. (2006), “Managers as Learning Facilitators in Small Manufacturing Firms”, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 351-362. Coffey, A. J. (1994), “Timing is Everything; Graduate accountants, time and organizational commitment”, Sociology, Vol 28 No. 4, pp. 943-956. Dreyfus, H. L. and Dreyfus, S. E. (1986), Mind over machine: The power of human intuition and expertise in the era of the computer, Free Press: New York. Ellstrom, P.-E. (2011), “Informal Learning at Work: Conditions, Processes and Logics”, Malloch, M., Cairns, L., Evans, K. and O’Connor, B. N. (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Workplace Learning, SAGE: London, pp. 105-119. Eraut, M. (2000), “Non-formal learning and tacit knowledge in professional work”, British Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 70, pp. 113-136. Eraut, M. (2004), “Informal Learning in the Workplace”, Studies in Continuing Education, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 247-273. Eraut, M. (2007) “Learning From Other People in the Workplace”, Oxford Review of Education, Vol. 33 No. 4, pp. 403-422. Fuller, A. and Unwin, L. (2003), “Learning as Apprentices in the Contemporary UK Workplace: creating and managing expansive and restrictive participation”, Journal of Education and Work, Vol. 16 No. 4, pp. 407-426. Gold, J., Thorpe, R., Woodall, J. and Sadler-Smith, E. (2007), “Continuing Professional Development in the Legal Profession: a practice-based learning perspective”, Management Learning, Vol. 38 No. 2, pp. 235-250. Grey, C. (1998), “On Being a Professional in a ‘Big Six’ Firm”, Accounting, Organizations and Society, Vol. 23, Nos 5/6, pp569-587. Hamilton, S. E. (2013), “Exploring Professional Identity: The perceptions of chartered accountant students”, British Accounting Review, Vol. 45, pp. 37-49. Hicks, E., Bagg, R., Doyle, W. and Young, J. D. (2007), “Canadian Accountants: examining workplace learning”, Journal of Workplace Learning, Vol. 19 No. 2, pp. 61-77. Hodkinson, P. and Hodkinson, H. (2004), “The Significance of Individuals’ Dispositions in Workplace Learning: a case study of two teachers”, Journal of Education and Work, Vol. 17 No. 2, pp. 167-182. Holden, R. and Hamblett, J. (2007), “The Transition From Higher Education into Work: tales of cohesion and fragmentation”, Education + Training, Vol. 49 No. 7, pp. 516-585. Holden, R. and Harte, V. (2004), “New Graduate Engagement With ‘Professional Development’: a pilot study”, Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 28 Nos. 2/3/4, pp. 272-282. ICAEW [Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales] (2011), “Training Standards” http://www.icaew.com/~/media/corporate/files/qualifications%20and%20programmes/aca/aca%20employers/authorised%20training%20employers/icaew%20training%20standards.ashx (accessed February 2015). ICAEW (2015), “Technical Work Experience Categories” http://www.icaew.com/~/media/corporate/files/qualifications%20and%20programmes/aca/aca%20employers/aca%20training/technical%20work%20experience%20categories.ashx (accessed February 2015). Kitching, J. (2007), “Regulating Employment Relations Through Workplace Learning: a study of small employers”, Human Resource Management Journal, Vo. 17 No. 1, pp. 42-57. Lave, J. and Wenger, E. (1991), Situated Learning: Legitimate peripheral participation, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. Marriott, M., Telford, B., Davies, M. and Evans, J. (2011), “Students’ Perceptions of Work-Based Training and Examination-Based Learning Relating to the Professional Competence of Auditors and the Impact of Regulatory Changes on Audit Training in the UK”, Accounting Education: an international journal, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 133-151. Nolan, C. T. and Garavan, T. (2015), “Human Resource Development in SMEs: A Systematic Review of the Literature”, International Journal of Management Reviews, Vol. 18 No. 1, pp. 85-107. Nyström, S. (2009), “The Dynamics of Professional Identity Formation: Graduates’ transitions from higher education to working life”, Vocations and Learning, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp. 1-18. Olesen, H. S. (2001), “Professional identity as Learning Processes in Life Histories”, Journal of Workplace Learning, Vol. 13 Nos. 7/8, pp. 290-297. Reich, A., Rooney, D. and Boud, D. (2015), “Dilemmas in Continuing Professional Learning: learning inscribed in frameworks or elicited from practice”, Studies in Continuing Education, Vol. 37 No. 2, pp. 131-141. Taylor, S., Shaw, S. and Thorpe, R. (2004), “Neither Market Failure Nor Customer Ignorance: The organisational limitations of employee training and development”, Stewart, J. and Beaver, G. (Eds.), HRD in Small Organisations: research and practice, Routledge: London, pp. 26-47. St Hill, H. and Yazici, J. (2014), “Bridging didactic, interdisciplinary service learning and practice in health professions education: Students’ perspectives”, Education + Training, Vol. 5 No. 5, pp. 447-466.
URI: http://researchspace.bathspa.ac.uk/id/eprint/9314
Request a change to this item or report an issue Request a change to this item or report an issue
Update item (repository staff only) Update item (repository staff only)