Systematic review: complementary therapies and employee well-being

Ravalier, J.M, Wegrzynek, P and Lawton, S (2016) 'Systematic review: complementary therapies and employee well-being.' Occupational Medicine, 66 (6). pp. 428-436. ISSN 0962-7480

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Background:- A variety of workplace-based interventions exist to reduce stress and increase productivity. However, the efficacy of these interventions is sometimes unclear. Aims:- To determine whether complementary therapies offered in the workplace improve employee well-being. Methods:- We performed a systematic literature review which involved an electronic search of articles published between January 2000 and July 2015 from the databases Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, AMED, CINAHL Plus, EMBASE and PubMed. We also undertook a manual search of all applicable article reference lists to ensure that no relevant studies were missed. We only selected published, full-length, English-language, peer-reviewed journal articles. Articles had to address the research objective using valid and reliable measures. We excluded articles concerning return to work or whose populations had been adversely affected by work resulting in the development of health issues. Results:- We included 10 articles in the review from 131 identified. Mindfulness and meditation-based interventions were most effective in improving workplace health and work performance; the latter demonstrating some evidence of maintaining gains up to 3 months later. The evidence for relaxation interventions was inconclusive. Conclusions:- Mindfulness and meditation interventions may be helpful in improving both psychosocial workplace health and work performance, but long-term efficacy has yet to be fully determined.

Item Type: Article

First published on 4 April 2016 in advance of its inclusion in a specific issue.

Keywords: complementary therapy; employee well-being; meditation; mindfulness; systematic review
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: School of Sciences
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Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2016 16:28
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2021 09:42
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