Elizabeth Cromwell and Mary Hays

Marshall, A (2017) 'Elizabeth Cromwell and Mary Hays.' In: Walker, G.L, ed. The invention of female biography. Routledge, Abingdon, pp. 218-240. ISBN 9781848936003

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When writing of Elizabeth Cromwell in her ‘Female Biography’ Mary Hays noted that: 'Though an excellent housewife…[she] was capable of appearing with dignity in the station to which she was exalted, as wife of the lord protector. She took a profound interest in political affairs, and stimulated her husband in the career of ambition'. Even considering the important work of Anne Hughes, Sue Wiseman and, in particular, Laura Lunger Knoppers and Katharine Gillespie, the personality of the women who surrounded Oliver Cromwell, both in his youth and in his maturity has often eluded us. In creating her work however Mary Hays was able to raise crucial issues over these particular women that concern female individuality, politics, influence, historical presence, and character when she projected both the figures of Cromwell’s wife, Elizabeth, his third daughter, Mary (who became Lady Falconberg), as well as his granddaughter Bridget Bendish, into three of the ‘Illustrious and Celebrated Women’ of their era within her ‘Female Biography’ volumes of 1803.

Item Type: Book Chapter or Section

Part of the 'Chawton Studies in Scholarly Editing' series.

Mary Hays worked alone in compiling the 302 entries that make up 'Female Biography' (1803). By contrast, producing a modern, critical edition of the work relied on the expertise of 168 scholars across 18 countries. Essays in this collection focus on the exhaustive research, editorial challenges and innovative responses involved in this project.

Keywords: Elizabeth Cromwell; Mary Hays; history; early feminism; Catherine Macaulay; David Hume; historians; nineteenth century culture; patriotism; republicanism
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CT Biography
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
J Political Science > JC Political theory
Divisions: School of Writing, Publishing and the Humanities
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2015 15:58
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2021 09:40
URI / Page ID: https://researchspace.bathspa.ac.uk/id/eprint/6646
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